The Legal Minefield of ChatGPT

As a highly advanced language model developed by OpenAI, ChatGPT has revolutionized how we interact with artificial intelligence. However, as with any new technology, there are a number of legal issues that need to be considered. This article captures the main legal risks.

Intellectual Property Rights

One of the primary legal issues surrounding ChatGPT is its potential to infringe on intellectual property rights. Since OpenAI holds the patent for ChatGPT, it has exclusive rights over its use and distribution. This means that any unauthorized use of ChatGPT could lead to legal action from OpenAI. Additionally, it is important to consider the issue of copyright in regard to the content generated by ChatGPT. OpenAI holds the copyright to the software, but it is unclear who holds the rights to the output generated by the software. This is an ongoing legal issue that needs to be resolved in order to ensure that ChatGPT is used in a responsible and ethical manner.

Furthermore, ChatGPT is trained on a vast amount of text data, including books, articles, and other written materials. If this data includes copyrighted works, then ChatGPT’s outputs may potentially infringe on the copyrights of those works. This could also lead to legal action against the users, who may be seen as contributing to the infringement.


The issue of liability is another setback. Since ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence system, it can generate output that is offensive, inaccurate, or misleading. This raises questions about who is responsible for the output generated by ChatGPT. For example, if a chatbot powered by ChatGPT provides incorrect information to a user, who is responsible for the harm caused by that incorrect information? The answer to this question is still unclear, and it is an issue that needs to be addressed by the legal system at the level of international conventions (i.e “AI Act.”)

Data Protection & Privacy

A third legal issue surrounding ChatGPT is the issue of privacy. Since ChatGPT uses large amounts of data to train its language model, it is possible that personal data could be collected and used without the knowledge or consent of the individual. This raises significant privacy concerns, and it is essential that proper safeguards are in place to protect the privacy of individuals (to be in compliance with GDPR). This includes ensuring that the data used to train ChatGPT is properly anonymized and that user data is not shared without consent.


In conclusion, ChatGPT is a revolutionary technology that has the potential to transform the way we interact with artificial intelligence. However, it is important to consider the legal issues surrounding its use in order to ensure that it is used in a responsible, lawful, and ethical manner. One thing is for sure – It will be very interesting to see how the state authorities (local and international) will respond to newly emerging artificial intelligence technologies such as ChatGPT and the way it impacts existing laws.

DISCLAIMER: The author generated this text in part with GPT-3, OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model. Upon generating draft language, the author reviewed, edited, and revised the language to their own liking and takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.